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Facts about Macedonia

Discovering The Land of Rich Culture, Nature and History

Macedonia’s rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes make it a hidden gem worth exploring. From ancient ruins to delicious cuisine, this small Balkan country offers plenty of wonders for visitors.

In this post, we’ll share interesting and lesser-known facts about Macedonia, including its history, geography, traditions, and modern-day society.

Whether you’re planning a trip or simply curious, keep reading to discover the many wonders of Macedonia.

From Alexander the Great to Lake Ohrid: Fascinating Facts About Macedonia


1. Birthplace of Mother Teresa

Macedonia is proud to be the birthplace of Mother Teresa, one of the most famous and beloved humanitarian figures of the 20th century. Born as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in the capital city of Skopje in 1910, Mother Teresa dedicated her life to serving the poor and disadvantaged.

She founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India, and her selfless work earned her numerous accolades, including the Nobel Peace Prize.

Memorial House of Mother Teresa
Memorial House of Mother Teresa-Skopje

Today, visitors to Skopje can visit the house where Mother Teresa was born and raised, which has been turned into a museum dedicated to her life and work.

2. Land of Lakes

North Macedonia is often referred to as the “Land of Lakes” due to its numerous lakes, including the stunning Ohrid Lake, which is one of the oldest and deepest lakes in Europe. Visitors can enjoy a wide range of activities on and around the lake, including swimming, boating, and fishing, as well as exploring the charming lakeside towns and villages that line its shores.

Macedonia’s lakes are some of the most beautiful and pristine in the world. From the famous Ohrid Lake, to the lesser-known but equally stunning Mavrovo, Dojran and Prespa Lakes, these bodies of water offer a wealth of recreational activities and natural wonders to explore.

Lake Ohrid
Ohrid Lake

Whether you’re looking to swim, fish, boat, kayak, or simply relax in a beautiful natural setting, the lakes of North Macedonia offer endless opportunities for adventure and discovery.

So why not add them to your travel bucket list and experience the beauty and tranquility of Macedonia’s lakes for yourself?

3. The Alexander the Great connection

Alexander the Great was born in the city of Pella in ancient Macedonia, which is now located in modern-day North Macedonia. He went on to become one of the greatest military leaders of all time, conquering much of the known world during his reign.

Alexander the Great Monument at Skopje City Center
Alexander the Great Monument at Skopje City Center


Today, North Macedonia is home to many historical sites and monuments related to Alexander the Great.

4. A unique alphabet

North Macedonia has its own unique alphabet, known as the Cyrillic alphabet, which is unique to the country. Developed in the 9th century by the Byzantine brothers Cyril and Methodius, the Cyrillic alphabet is based on the Greek alphabet and was created to help spread Christianity to the Slavic people of Eastern Europe. .

Macedonian alphabet
Macedonian alphabet

Today, the Cyrillic alphabet is used in several countries, including Russia, Ukraine,Bulgaria and Serbia, but it is most closely associated with Macedonia.

The use of this alphabet adds to the country’s unique identity and is just one of the many fascinating aspects of its rich cultural heritage.

5. Wine-making tradition

Macedonia’s wine-making tradition dates back over 4,000 years, producing a variety of delicious and high-quality wines. The country’s fertile valleys are ideal for growing grapes, and some of the most popular varietals include Vranec, Temjanika, and Kratoshija. Famous wines from the region include Tikveš, Stobi, and Bovin.

Macedonian wineries offer visitors the chance to taste their wines and learn about traditional production methods, making it a must-visit destination for wine lovers.

6. Traditional folk music

Traditional folk music is an important part of Macedonia’s rich cultural heritage. The country’s unique blend of Eastern and Western influences has given rise to a diverse array of music styles and instruments, including the tambura, kaval, and gajda.

Macedonain Traditional music instruments
Macedonain Traditional music instruments

Macedonian folk music is characterized by its use of complex rhythms, haunting melodies, and soulful vocals, often telling stories of love, loss, and daily life.

Visitors can experience this unique musical tradition at festivals, concerts, and in traditional restaurants known as “kafani,” where live music is often played.

7. Skopje Old bazaar

The Skopje bazaar is a historic marketplace located in the heart of the city. It dates back to the Ottoman era and is known for its winding streets, traditional architecture, and colorful shops selling everything from textiles to spices.

The bazaar is also home to numerous historic sites, including mosques, churches, and hammams, making it a must-visit destination for history and architecture enthusiasts.

Old Bazaar
Old Bazaar Skopje

With its unique atmosphere and diverse array of attractions, Skopje’s Old Bazaar is a must-see for anyone visiting the city.

8. Tavche Gravche

Tavche Gravche is traditional Macedonian dish. This savory dish is typically made with white beans slow-cooked in a clay pot known as a “tavche,” along with onions, peppers, tomatoes, and a blend of fragrant spices like paprika, resulting in a rich flavor.

Tavce Gravce
Tavche Gravche-traditional food

Served hot with a side of crusty bread and a salad, Tavche Gravche is a delicious and satisfying meal, a must-try for anyone looking to explore the rich and delicious flavors of Macedonian cuisine.

9. Mavrovo National Park

The Mavrovo National Park is the largest national park in North Macedonia. It is located in the western part of the country, near the border with Albania and Kosovo, and is named after the Mavrovo Lake, which is one of the park’s main attractions.

Mavrovo national park with lake view

The park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including over 1,000 plant species, 170 bird species, and 50 mammal species. Some of the most notable species found in the park include the lynx, brown bear, chamois, and wolf.

10. The Ohrid Trout

The Ohrid Trout is a species of fish found only in the crystal-clear waters of Lake Ohrid, which is located in North Macedonia The trout is known for its unique taste and is considered a delicacy in the region.

Ohrid trout
Ohrid trout-grilled and served with potatoes

When prepared fresh, Ohrid trout has a tender and flaky texture, making it ideal for grilling or frying with a side of seasonal vegetables.

Whether you’re interested in history, culture, nature, or food, you’ll find plenty to satisfy your curiosity in Macedonia. So, why not take the road less traveled and discover the many wonders of this beautiful Balkan country? You won’t regret it!

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